History of the observatory
In 1956 in the framework of preparation for the International geophysical year in settlement Borok of the Yaroslavl region the building of a geomagnetic station for Geophysical institutes of Academy of sciences of the USSR has been started. The geomagnetic station, nowadays named Borok Geophysical Observatory IPE RAS, have been organized according to the order # 101-2439 from December, 9, 1955 of Presidium of the Academy of sciences of the USSR in which the list of scientific stations of the Academy of sciences of the USSR has been authorized and tasks on construction of stations for institutes AN of the USSR have been determined.
During carrying out of the International geophysical year (1957−1958), the Geomagnetic station “Borok” became the central station of a middle-latitude region conducting observations of a magnetic field of the Earth. Perfect conditions for carrying out of precision magnetic measurements — a low level of electromagnetic noise, absence of industrial pollution, a low natural seismic background – have predetermined its further development, as central experimental base of Shmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth (IPE) for a wide complex of geophysical researches.
In 1963 the station has been reorganized to the geophysical observatory, and since 1971 the laboratory structure has been created in the observatory. In 1993−2004 the observatory operated in the frameworks of United Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences (UIPE RAS). Since 2004 the Borok Geophysical Observatory is a branch of Shmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPE RAS).
The heads of the Borok Geophysical Observatory were R.V.Shepetnov, A.S.Bolshakov, V.P.Shcherbakov, V.I.Lykov, A.K.Gapeev. Now the director of Borok Geophysical Observatory is Sergey V. Anisimov.